Malta is an island country near the centre of the Mediterranean Sea, about 95 kilometres south of Sicily. It is an archipelago (group of islands). It contains three inhabited islands viz Malta, Gozo, and Comino, and three uninhabited islets viz Cominotto, Filfla, and St. Paul's Islands.
Malta is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Low hills with slopes cut by terraced fields make much of Malta resemble a series of giant steps. The balmy Mediterranean climate attracts many visitors. Tourists also come to Malta to see the remains of some of the world's oldest Neolithic temples, as well as some of the world's finest examples of Baroque and Renaissance art and architecture . Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814.
The island staunchly supported the UK through both World Wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Over the last 15 years, the island has become a major freight transshipment point, financial center, and tourist destination.